Crowds looted shops and businesses in South Africa on Wednesday, defying government calls to end a week of violence that has killed more than 70 people, wrecked hundreds of businesses and disrupted hospital operations during the third wave of COVID-19.
Protests that followed the jailing of ex-president Jacob Zuma last week for failing to appear at a corruption inquiry have widened into looting and an outpouring of general anger over the hardship and inequality that persist 27 years after the end of apartheid.
Shopping malls and warehouses have been ransacked or set ablaze in several cities, mostly in Zuma's home in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) province, and the country's biggest city Johannesburg and surrounding Gauteng province.
Overnight it spread to two other provinces - Mpumalanga, just east of Gauteng, and Northern Cape, police said.
A Reuters photographer saw several shops being looted in the town of Hammarsdale, Kwazulu-Natal, on Wednesday. Local TV stations, meanwhile, showed more looting of shops in South Africa's largest township Soweto, and in the Indian Ocean port city of Durban.
The National Hospital Network, representing 241 public hospitals already under strain from Africa's worst COVID-19 epidemic, said it was running out of oxygen and drugs, most of which are imported through Durban, as well as food.
Staff in affected areas were unable to get to work, it said, worsening shortages caused by the third wave of infections.
"The impact of the looting and destruction is having dire consequences on hospitals," it said. "And the epicentre of the pandemic is within the affected provinces currently under siege."
South Africa's largest refinery SAPREF in Durban has been temporarily shut down, an industry official said on Wednesday.
The poverty and inequality fuelling the unrest was compounded by severe social and economic restrictions aimed at curbing COVID-19. The United Nations in South Africa expressed concern that disruptions to transport for workers from the riots would make things even worse.
"This will exacerbate ... joblessness, poverty and inequality," it said in a statement.